The unraveling of the nation state.

The time has come to initiate the development of a decentralized law enforcement network that can move as fast as transnational organized crime; and prevent criminal organizations from occupying fragile countries and establishing operational bases.
Beatrice E. Rangel.
Last week closed with yet two blatant signals that we are about to approach the demise of nation states . One, of course, was the fall of Afghanistan to the Taliban a 13th century minded theological movement supported by a non-nation state actor that proved to be more effective than the leading world power. Indeed, transnational organized crime made sure that its political movement of choice would return to power. With a government ruled by the Taliban the heroin business is quite safe as the government will ensure the control of the population and the safe passage of heroin to world markets. The Us and its allies, on the contrary, aimed at establishing a democratic society with power disseminated among interest aggregating institutions and conflict resolving authorities. Further, the West attempted – of course unsuccessfully- to substitute barley and wheat for poppy planting among rural communities. The second signal was the revelation through a very well documented research work by Semana the leading political magazine of Colombia that a dissident FARC (National Revolutionary Army of Colombia) faction led by Gentil Duarte that has disowned the Habana brokered Peace Treaty has successfully penetrated the opposition coalition and closed significant political deals with the regime in Venezuela. All these eerie news was extracted from a memory stick left by the guerrilla leader in while escaping Colombian police forces. Both developments bring to the forefront the inability of nations states to secure and maintain world order and to effectively control and govern given territories.
And wile this is not the place to engage in an in-depth analysis on the decay of the nation state we can list the developments and features that have weakened the institutional edifice upon which world order has rested for the last two centuries. First and most visible is the fact that nation states no longer control finance. The fact that all tech giants billing trillions of dollars to world consumers that emerged from the US tech revolution DO NOT pay taxes in the US talks volumes about the weakening of nation states. Simply put, nation states no longer control the money flow. They thus increasingly face financial limitations. These fugitive money flows undermine national institutions as they are a cause of national decay given that not even the most advanced nation states like the US can deliver quality public goods to their citizens. Accordingly, many justify tax evasion as a facilitator of international trade. Second, communications and information technologies have created value generating corridors that escape the overseeing of any nation state. Information and money have successfully escaped the control, direction, or channeling of national authorities. And as nation states lose moral authority the door is open to the entry of non-state actors such as transnational organized crime
These developments should warrant a serious discussion about the means to globalize key functions of the nation state. These are taxation and criminal justice. Taxation should be harmonized among leading economies and made a requisite for other nations to be able to participate in global fora. The first step was already taken by the Group of 7. Indeed, the global minimum tax rate of at least 15 percent that companies would have to pay regardless of where they locate their headquarters adopted in June this year is a move in the right direction. Second, the harmonization of criminal justice to effectively confront transnational organized crime is a must. The International Criminal Court as created is geared towards the punishment of gross violations of human rights. But it has no jurisdiction over drug and human trafficking, counterfeiting and cybercrimes. The time has come to initiate the development of a decentralized law enforcement network that can move as fast as transnational organized crime; and prevent criminal organizations from occupying fragile countries and establishing operational bases.

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