Interamerican Watch Newsletter – Issue 20

Interamerican Watch Newsletter

Inter-American Watch

Friday 19th, 2021
(Casto Ocando, Editor)

 

Peru

Fearing authoritarianism, young Peruvians battle constitutional change

A new charter was a campaign promise of president Pedro Castillo, a former elementary school teacher. His critics worry he plans to lead Peru down the path of other Latin American countries where democracy has withered. From the late Venezuelan President Hugo Chávez and his successor Nicolás Maduro to Evo Morales in Bolivia and Daniel Ortega in Nicaragua, the region’s leftist populists have used constitutional reform and weak institutions to consolidate power. Now a group of young Peruvians is determined to not let the same happen at home.
Christian Science Monitor: https://www.csmonitor.com/World/Americas/2021/1117/Fearing-authoritarianism-young-Peruvians-battle-constitutional-change

Perú to chair OAS’ Group of Expert on Maritime Narco-trafficking

Peru was elected by acclamation Chair of the Group of Experts on Maritime Narcotrafficking for the 2021-2022 period, the Ministry of Foreign Affairs reported on Wednesday. The elections were held on Tuesday within the framework of the 70th Regular Session of the Inter-American Drug Abuse Control Commission (CICAD). In this regard, Peru presented its candidacy taking into account the importance of promoting and strengthening international cooperation in the fight against drug trafficking, since the aquatic environment remains one of the main scenarios for the transportation of illicit drugs.
Andina News Agency: https://andina.pe/Ingles/noticia-peru-elected-group-of-experts-on-maritime-narcotrafficking-chair-at-oas-869879.aspx

Peruvian Armed Forces face new security challenges

Interview with General Manuel Jesús Martín Gómez de la Torre Araníbar, chief of the Peruvian Armed Forces’ Joint Command (CCFFAA, in Spanish) to discuss military advances in the fight against criminal organizations.
Dialogo Military magazine: https://dialogo-americas.com/articles/peruvian-armed-forces-face-new-security-challenges/ – .YZZS3r1Olqs

Peruvian Judges asked upt to $1 million to free drug traffickers, criminal investigation reveals

Judges at the National Criminal Court asked for as much as $1 million to free entire gangs of drug traffickers from Peruvian prisons, according to testimonies gathered by the Prosecutor’s Office in a now years-long investigation. Among the freed was Roberto Gomez, a high-ranking, Interpol-most-wanted operative of the Colombian Cartel Los Rastrojos, who payed $100,000 for his freedom, though later on was arrested in Madrid.
La Republica, in Spanish: https://larepublica.pe/politica/2021/11/18/poder-judicial-jueces-habrian-pedido-hasta-us-1-millon-para-liberar-a-narcos-segun-la-fiscalia-narcotrafico/

Peruvian National Police arrested a Venezuelan who led a drug money laundering organization in Peru

Agents from the National Police Money Laundering Directorate and members of the Public Ministry yesterday raided several buildings and arrested several individuals, including a Venezuelan and a Colombian, linked to an alleged criminal organization dedicated to money laundering in Peru.
El Comercio, in Spanish: https://elcomercio.pe/lima/policiales/las-claves-sobre-operativo-contra-presunta-mafia-de-lavado-de-dinero-perteneciente-a-carteles-de-la-droga-noticia/

First attempt for Pedro Castillo’s impeachment is proposed in Peruvian Congress

Congresswoman Patricia Chirinos, from opposition party Avanza País, and third vice president of Congress, proposed a motion to vacancy (impeachment) of president Pedro Castillo, due to “moral incapacity,” during an intervention in the Plenary session this Thursday. She asked her fellow congresspeople to support her motion: “We need the signatures of 26 congressmen. Do not be afraid”, she said.
El Comercio, in Spanish: https://elcomercio.pe/politica/congreso/patricia-chirinos-bancadas-marcan-distancia-de-su-pedido-de-vacancia-presidencial-pedro-castillo-avanza-pais-renovacion-popular-noticia/?ref=ecr

Argentina

Fernandez’ government tries to pass dozens of bills and executive orders before losing congressional majority on December 10th

The Bicameral Commission was able to dictate the 116 presidential decrees. The final decision will now turn to the Senate, where the Peronist coalition will seek to approve them before December 10, which is when the opposition will control majority and ruling party will lose its own quorum.
Pagina12, in Spanish: https://www.pagina12.com.ar/383672-dictamen-favorable-para-116-decretos-presidenciales

Analysis: How Sputnik vaccine helped bring down Argentina’s Peronists

President Alberto Fernández was an early champion of the Russian vaccine. Now he’s paying the political price.
Foreign Policy: https://foreignpolicy.com/2021/11/19/argentina-elections-covid-pandemic-sputnik-v-fernandez-russia-vaccine-diplomacy/

Argentina must reduce social spending in order to reach an agreement with IMF

The government must reduce subsidies for energy and public services, and resources for the ‘Alimentar’ Card, among others.
Infobae, in Spanish: https://www.infobae.com/economia/2021/11/19/para-acordar-con-el-fmi-una-parte-del-gasto-social-no-podra-escapar-a-los-recortes-fiscales/

Ecuador

‘We are all suffering: What’s going on inside Ecuador’s prisons?

More than 300 people have been killed inside Ecuador’s prisons so far this year, as a series of violent riots between rival gangs left officials scrambling to find ways to end the bloodshed. Families of inmates are “completely terrified” – both of what is occurring inside the prison, but also of the criminal groups that control the facility. These groups have networks outside the prison, which the families have said also puts them at direct risk.
Al Jazeera: https://www.aljazeera.com/news/2021/11/18/we-are-all-suffering-whats-going-on-inside-ecuador-prisons

Mexico’s cartels behind violence in Ecuador?

The wave of violence has been sparked by a civil war among the Choneros – once Ecuador’s largest gang and a trusted transporter of cocaine shipments for Colombian and Mexican groups – and several rivals, including the Lobos, Tiguerones, Chone Killers and Lagartos. For the government, the conflict has been worsened by the involvement of Mexico’s Sinaloa Cartel, backing the Choneros, and the Jalisco Cartel New Generation (Cartel Jalisco Nueva Generación – CJNG), supporting its rivals.
Insight Crime: https://insightcrime.org/news/lots-of-blame-little-proof-mexicos-cartels-behind-violence-in-ecuador/

Ecuador to host China-Latin America and the Caribbean Summit in 2022

Guayaquil, Ecuador’s main seaport city, will host the 2022 China-Latin America and the Caribbean Business Summit, the Foreign Ministry of the South American country has confirmed.
Prensa Latina: https://www.plenglish.com/news/2021/11/19/ecuador-to-host-china-latin-america-and-the-caribbean-summit-in-2022/

Bolivia

Opposition keeps pressure on Arce’s government: it now wants another Law repealed

The Bolivian government now faces new demands to annul another law, called “Economic and Social Development Plan (PDES) of Bolivia 2021-2025,” also known as Law 1407, because it “concentrate more power in the Executive”, and “destroy the autonomy” of provinces in Bolivia.
Market Research Telecast: https://marketresearchtelecast.com/the-opposition-maintains-pressure-on-the-government-of-bolivia-and-now-intends-to-annul-a-law-enacted-3-days-ago/206252/