International Community follows up Judges who conceal Violations of Human Rights in Venezuela, Ecuador, Bolivia, Nicaragua and Cuba.
Miami, Florida, September, 2016.- Interamerican Institute for Democracy and Inter-American Bar Association —as think tanks whose objectives include the defense of human rights, fundamental freedoms, democracy, justice, and the rule of law— have undertaken to prepare case studies of court decisions whose content and rulings violate human rights in Ecuador, Cuba, Venezuela, Bolivia and Nicaragua. “In handling and disguise of these principles is the criminal genius of the XXI Century Socialism, that inspired and guided by the brutal Castro dictatorial experience, they articulated themselves, a menial judicial systems, as an instrument of repression and social control, and even giving birth to new states created their judicial system…” said Carlos Sanchez Berzain, executive director of the Inter-American Institute for Democracy.
The forum, “The Role of the Judiciary in the Violation of Human Rights” was held at the headquarters of the United States Congress in Washington DC. In this opportunity discussed 6 cases studied in Ecuador: The Judiciary as a tool to silence freedom of expression online; Terrorism forged in a constitutional state of law: The case of “ten of Luluncoto”; An unjust judgment and a shameful conviction: as a political instrument to seize private television channels; the judiciary as an instrument of censorship; The relationship between government and civil society, and the abuse of criminal law in Ecuador: The 29 Saraguro. The researchers, Daniela Salazar Marín, Dr. Jaime Vintimilla , Dr. Jorge Zavala Egas, Dr. Fabricio Rubianes Morales, Carlos Manosalvas, Rafael Paredes Corral, Pier Paolo Pigozzi and (Candidate) Sebastian González showed how these criminal proceedings were used by Ecuadorian authorities to “harass, intimidate, persecute, silence and prosecute students, indigenous people, and those who denounce corruption, business owners and political dissidents”, was emphasized by Professor Douglass Cassel of the University of Notre Dame.
The Congress Ileana Ros-Lethinen participated as panelist and she stressed that we must denounce all violations of human rights. “We’re used to an open and free press. Look at our presidential elections. What’s happening now… And we take that for granted… We have seen Rafael Correa attack and even sue press outlets and even journalists who publish stories that are critical of his regime…who dare to question his actions… Every egregious violation against freedom of the press has to be called out… If you don’t have a free press and if you don’t have an independent Judiciary what resource, what recourse does the person, or the journalist have?… So it is important for all of us, to work together, to shine a spotlight on the atrocities that are being committed in Ecuador… So we have to recognize that the abuse of the judicial system is being used by ALBA countries as a tool to silence the opposition… We have to condemn these actions because a free and impartial judicial system is the basis of a free and open society”.
According to the third article of the Inter-American Democratic Charter, “respect for human rights and fundamental freedoms,” the exercise of power in accordance with the rule of law,” and the “separation of powers and independence of the branches of government” are— among others—essential elements of democracy. Their absence makes democracy non-existent and gives rise to authoritarianism and dictatorship—hence the importance of scientifically verifying cases representative of the infringement or disappearance of these democratic elements.
This first study concerns “judicial decisions that infringe human rights in Ecuador,” and similar studies are proposed on judicial decisions in Cuba, Venezuela, Bolivia and Nicaragua. It aims to bring into the field of scientific evidence what has thus far been reserved to outcry in press reports, political debate and analysis—and shed light on some of the victims of human rights abuses by judges who, instead of securing those rights, infringed them. These are studies done by independent professionals who, through their legal expertise, contribute to the efforts to restore judicial independence and the rule of law in countries that—like Ecuador—have turned justice into a systematic mechanism for the abuse of power and infringement of human rights.
Wider knowledge of these cases and dissemination of the expert findings presented in the case are effective contributions to the defense of human rights, calling out governments that, having ceased to be democracies, pretend to use justice for purposes of political pressure and repression.
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