The Latin American populist governments on the socialist side, which follow a Castro style doctrine, have reached an economic, political and social crisis creating a generalized popular rejection because they are not viable. Non the less, having the same ideology and keeping a strong relationship among them, some of these governments remained as democracies, while others have become dictatorships. This difference allows to reiterate, that democracy is essential when it comes to confront the crisis, as it is happening in the democratic Brazil, versus the Venezuelan dictatorship.
During this century, Latin America has seen the arrival, expansion, corruption and failure of politicians who came as populist-socialists, inspired or shaped by the Castro style, anti-imperialism, anti-neoliberalism and progressive. With diverse characteristics, origins and common interests, all ended recognizing the leadership of the Castro regime, shaping their governments as they did, but keeping an important difference, as some remained under the frame of an institutionalized democracy, while others forged the establishment to create dictatorships, those of the 21st Century Socialism.
Argentina, with the Kirchner’s regime was on the verge of destroying democracy; it was saved because the authoritarian kirchenirian version of Chavez and Castro ruling, couldn’t repress freedom of expression, and the free press -within the financial crisis- made it possible to produce the change in democracy. Diario Clarin, journalist Jorge Lanata and his team, federal justice which in some cases was capable to scape official manipulation, the murder of prosecutor Alberto Nisman, and the intervention of freedom fighters, are the reasons why Argentina was able to avoid the permanence of the authoritarian regime. Today, the consequences of poverty, injustice, social confrontation, and general deterioration are faced by the Argentine people with a new and different government. They saved democracy and look forward to beat the crisis.
Brazil, under the extended control of the Worker’s Party with Lula da Silva and Dilma Roussef, seemed to have an extraordinary success, until inefficiency became evident, corruption appeared at the highest levels, lies and disinformation in state accounting, harm to Petrobras, corruption within the largest construction companies with international operations, increase in unemployment, economic crisis, social unrest, and uncountable number of scandals and attempts against democracy where denounced by a free and vigorous press. Institutionalization was reactivated, judges not submitted to the political power, prosecutors who defended the state and not the government, powerful men from the public and private sector went to prison under charges of corruption, popular protests showed that democracy is to establish power and sustain it under the “state of law”, that it is not defenseless, and that it can take out of power those who pretend to be above the law.
The group of the socialists of the 21st century, Cuba, Venezuela, Ecuador, Bolivia and Nicaragua, after ending with democracy in their countries, enjoyed absolute power, taking control of congressmen, legislators, electoral judges, prosecutors, military, policemen, media, persecuting opponents, anybody who criticized them, incarcerating adversaries, others run to exile, there are systematic violations to human rights, seizing of properties, massacres, murders, drug traffic, corruption, they keep nexus with terrorists, and are involved in all sort of criminal activities. They kept a well-oiled propaganda machine, domestically and internationally, giving the appearance of democracy and financial success, until the farce couldn’t be kept any longer, and the people’s struggle -beginning with Venezuela- showed what everybody knows today, that those are corrupt dictatorships willing to do anything to stay in power indefinitely.
The struggle of the Venezuelan people brought up the recovery of the National Assembly, as the only democratic organism in that country, and opened the doors of hope to a nonviolent transition into democracy, which was repudiated and resisted by Nicolas Maduro, whose actions have confirmed his dictatorial nature, articulated through castrism. The role of the General Secretary of the OAS, Luis Almagro, was pivotal to put into evidence facts that have been known and denounced for years, but have been kept hidden by the power of the Venezuelan money embezzled by Hugo Chavez and his “diplomacy of intimidation” executed by Fidel Castro and his regime, over international organizations and democratic governments.
As Brazil solves his political crisis impeaching his president by strictly institutional mechanisms, the world watches with stupor the irresponsible attitude of the Venezuelan dictatorship that is pushing his people to the limit trying to avoid a 2016 referendum to repeal the president. As Brazil confronts with confidence the solution to his financial and social crisis, the Venezuelan dictatorship deepens and encourages misery and provocation among his citizens. As Brazil decides in freedom his self-determination, Venezuela is manipulated by the dictatorships in Cuba, Ecuador, Bolivia and Nicaragua, that made her their wedge to remain longer in power. The consequences of both roads seal the fundamental difference; Brazil is on the road of certainty that provides democracy, and Venezuela in the uncertainty of dictatorship.